Invasive alien species (IAS) cost the EU an estimated EUR 12 billion per year, prompting the European Commission to push for an EU-wide approach to tackle the issue. The phenomenon, which occurs when plants and animals are deliberately or unintentionally introduced by human action to a new environment where they establish, reproduce and proliferate, is causing serious problems for biodiversity. The dedicated legal instrument aims to tackle the problem through a new harmonised system and a shift from “cure” to “prevention”.
On 22 April 2009, the European Commission adopted its Green Paper for a reform of the Common Fisheries Policy. The fisheries of the European Union are indeed suffering from overexploitation of living aquatic resources, notably caused by the chronic overcapacity of the Community fishing fleet. This imbalance is the root of most of the problems in the sector: reduced catches, competition from imports, decreasing prices, economic vulnerability, lack of respect for regulations, etc. The European Commission is launching a broad consultation within the sector to find a solution to this crisis.