Invasive alien species (IAS) cost the EU an estimated EUR 12 billion per year, prompting the European Commission to push for an EU-wide approach to tackle the issue. The phenomenon, which occurs when plants and animals are deliberately or unintentionally introduced by human action to a new environment where they establish, reproduce and proliferate, is causing serious problems for biodiversity. The dedicated legal instrument aims to tackle the problem through a new harmonised system and a shift from ‚Äúcure‚ÄĚ to ‚Äúprevention‚ÄĚ.
The European fishing fleet is too large in relation to the resources available and the search for instant profit pushes some fishermen into disregarding the rules and limits set to preserve this very resource. It is up to the Member States to ensure the enforcement of the many regulations however, not all of them have the means and the capacity to guarantee effective controls in their waters, ports and on the markets.